Chapter 2: observe Resource area in support of the text book ‘Small and Slow Solutions’ The icon for permaculture principle one is a tree with a hole, inviting exploration. This image was created by Ellie Owen of Llanfyllin high school What is science? Science is making observations The Overview effect, the view from space and what the astronauts learned. Bill Mollison, permaculture originator tells his story Developing a school garden: Busoga high school, Kamuli Uganda.Wales has many links to Africa, especially Uganda. A nation of mainly farmers, but with a young dynamic population, interested in new ideas. They are experiencing changing weather patterns already and they will need to explore new ways of farming.